Rebecca Dvorin Strong, the artist, retains all copyrights to text and images. This means that you may not duplicate the text or images contained in this website in any form without the express written permission of the artist.

WHAT IS COPYRIGHT?

A work is automatically protected by copyright when it is created. The copyright notice is optional. No publication or registration or other action in the Copyright Office is required to secure copyright. Copyright is secured automatically when the work is created, and the work is “created” when it is fixed in a copy for the first time. “Copies” are material objects from which a work can be read or visually perceived. Copyright protects original “pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works,” which include two-dimensional and three-dimensional works of fine, graphic, and applied art.

The 1976 Copyright Act generally gives the owner of copyright the exclusive right to do and authorize others to do the following:
  • To reproduce the work in copies
  • To prepare decorative works based upon the work
  • To distribute copies of the work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending
  • To display the work publicly.
A work that is created on or after January 1, 1989 is automatically protected from the moment of its creation and is ordinarily given a term enduring for the author’s life plus an additional 70 years after the author’s death.

IF YOU PURCHASE A WORK OF ART…


Mere ownership of a painting or any other copy does not give the possessor the copyright. The law provides that transfer of ownership of any material object that embodies a protected object does not of itself convey any rights in the copyright. The artist retains the right to make and sell reproductions of that work of art. So even though you own the original work of art, you do not have the right to make and sell reproductions of it unless the artist transfers the copyright to you or gives you written permission.

MORAL RIGHTS FOR VISUAL ARTISTS

For certain one-of-a-kind visual art and numbered limited editions of 200 or fewer copies, authors are accorded rights of attribution and integrity. The right of attribution ensures that artists are correctly identified with the works of art they create and that they are not identified with the works created by others. The right of integrity allows artists to protect their works against modifications and destructions that are prejudicial to the artists’ honor or reputation. These rights may not be transferred by the author, but they may be waived in a written instrument. Transfer of the physical copy of a work of visual art or of the copyright does not affect the moral rights accorded to the author.

UNDERSTANDING PUBLIC DOMAIN VERSUS COPYRIGHT


The fact that something is posted on the Internet does not mean that it is in the public domain and can be freely copied and distributed. If you use a copyrighted work without permission, that is copyright infringement.

WHAT IS PUBLIC DOMAIN?

Works which are not owned by someone, and therefore are not protected by copyright, are in the public domain. Works may be in the public domain because they were created before the copyright laws, copyright protection has expired, or because it never had copyright protection and did not carry a copyright notice.